Jour de finale: Stades et frontières

Au moment où l’OM affronte l’Atletico Madrid en finale de l’Europa League, petit voyage autour des stades près des frontières.

Le stade frontalier le plus connu était sans doute celui du Dynamo Berlin (RDA), collé au mur: http://www.toutlemondesenfoot.fr/blog/2014/12/18/helmut-klopfleisch-la-politique-et-le-football-ne-faisait-quun/

Voici quelques exemples actuels

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Le stade de Karvina (République tchèque) se trouve à moins d’un kilomètre de la frontière polonaise.

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Sur l’avenue… Polska. La Pologne est également indiquée sur ce panneau urbain pour piétons.

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Le stade champêtre à Nova Gorica (Slovénie) est situé à 300 mètres de la frontière italienne.

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Le plan du Rheinpark Stadion à Vaduz (Liechtenstein) se trouve au bord du Rhin (à gauche de la reproduction) qui marque la frontière avec la Suisse.

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La route entre le stade et le Rhin (frontière).

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Le Victoria Stadium à Gibraltar (5000 places). Le territoire britannique a récemment été admis au sein de la FIFA et peut disputer des matchs internationaux officiels. Mais ce stade n’étant pas homologué, l’équipe nationale dispute ses matchs à Faro (Portugal). Au fond sur la droite se trouve l’aéroport et sur la gauche les immeubles à La Linea (Espagne).

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Le Victoria Stadium face au rocher.

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A Nicosie (Chypre), le stade sert aussi de zone démilitarisée entre les parties grecque et turque (au fond, un mirador des Nations-Unies).

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Le stade du Beitar Jérusalem (Israël) se trouve à moins de 500 mètres du mur avec la Cisjordanie. Le Beitar est l’un des clubs les plus populaires d’Israël, il est notamment soutenu par les Juifs orthodoxes alors que le Maccabi Tel Aviv est perçu comme le club des Arabes d’Israël. La confrontation entre les deux clubs est toujours tendue.

D’autres stades comme à Mouscron (Belgique) ou à Monaco sont également très proches d’une frontière.

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Conférence sur les limites de l’UE à la Rochelle le mardi 15 mai à 14h30

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L’opéra de Minsk en Biélorussie. La Biélorussie est l’un des rares Etats européens où la question d’intégrer l’UE ne se pose pas.

Une conférence sur les limites de l’UE aura lieu le mardi 15 mai à la Rochelle (amphi G de l’UIT) à partir de 14h30.

Pour plus d’informations: http://www.utl-larochelle.org/wordpress/les-frontieres-de-lunion-europeenne/

 

When my stamps from Kosovo are cancelled entering Serbia

IMG_8573Surprise when striving to Belgrade two weeks ago: a Serbian customs officer took a small stamp and fervently canceled my previous entries to Kosovo from the last three years. A passport is first and foremost the property of a state, so the customs officer questioned the French position on Kosovo and overpassed his rights. This episode -exceptional because no other Serbian customs officer has had such a reaction in twenty years of travel in the region- shows all the sensitivity of the Kosovo issue in Serbia.

Quand un douanier serbe annule mes tampons du Kosovo

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Surprise en arrivant à Belgrade il y a deux semaines: un douanier serbe a pris un petit tampon et plein de fougue a annulé mes précédentes entrées au Kosovo de ces trois dernières années. Un passeport étant avant tout propriété d’un Etat, ce douanier a de ce fait remis en cause la position française sur le Kosovo et outrepassé ses droits. Cet épisode -exceptionnel car aucun autre douanier serbe ne s’est permis cela en vingt ans de voyages dans la région montre surtout la sensibilité de la question kosovare en Serbie.

Panmumjom (Korea): the only place where Koreas meet

The recent meeting between Korean leaders in Panmumjom took place in Panmumjom, a village located on the DMZ (Demilitarized Zone).

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The entrance in Panmumjom from the North Korean side. It is symbolized by an arch (see below), then the road goes to the village. The road divides into two branches: the left one goes to North Korean building while the south one leads towards the Bridge of No Return (South Korea).

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The entrance to the DMZ from the North Korean side

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Panmumjom seen from the south side. The borders crosses UN Headquarters (in blue). It is possible to visit them from both North or South Korea.

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The Bridge of No return from the southern part. After the Korean War (1950-53) prisoners had the right to choose the Korea where they wanted to settle. But once the choice made, they couldn’t change their mind.

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The headquaters of the United Nations from South Korea. The border can be seen in the middle of the blue houses (see below).

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Border between the two Koreas. It’s here both Korean leaders met on April 27th.

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The UN headquarters from the North Korean side. On the South side, a tourist group faces North Korea.

Iceland: Greenland and borders in the Arctic Ocean: an interview with Edward H. Huijbens (University of Akureyri, Iceland).

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In the port of Reykjavik.
Edward H. Huijbens, MA, PhD. Geographer, scholar of tourism and professor at the school of social sciences and humanities at the University of Akureyri, where he is also department head for the faculty of social sciences and law. Edward works on tourism theory, issues of regional development, landscape perceptions, the role of transport in tourism and polar tourism. He is author of over 30 articles in several scholarly journals such as Annals of Tourism Research, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, Tourism Geographies and has published three monographs in both Iceland and internationally and co-edited four books.
HA-Edward H Huijbens 2017(1)
In what extent the maritime border issues in the Artic ocean involve Icelandic diplomacy?
By the Arctic Ocean I take it you mean the Ocean at the North pole where the great powers jostle for influence and claims of sovereignty. Iceland is not involved in any of those issues and has no claim to the Arctic Ocean nor the seabed below. We are however greatly involved in protecting our maritime border in particular the EEZ we set up in 1976 to 200 nm. This is of paramount importance to our sovereignty as within it we can manage our fisheries. We have also taken part in jostling for fishing rights in international waters in the high north, in particular the Barents sea.
Does the Artic ocean appear as an internal topic in Icelandic politics? Can we see different positions about the topic depending on political parties views?
No not the Arctic ocean, nor really the EEZ, the latter is a matter of great importance to Iceland and all agree that it should be upheld and protected
Why does the Artic ocean become so interesting for main countries like Russia, Canada or the US?
To them it is about the resources below and potential shipping routes. Those with claim to the seabed has right to harness resources there and those who can claim their EEZ to extend into the waters can regulate shipping
How does Iceland-a former Danish territory-perceive the autonomous political movement in Greenland?
With great sympathy and support. We have actively been involved in advising the Greenlanders on how to develop and diversify their economy, in particular in terms of fisheries. Engaging with the Greenlanders as a fellow post colonial state eases relations
Does Iceland wish to enter the EU or the euro in next years?
No there is no political discussion about that for now. There was in 2009-2013, but now it is under the table and only one party has it as a real policy, the social democrats but this is not a topic for any of the recent elections in Iceland