Dandong, plus grande ville frontalière de Chine, constitue le principal point de passage terrestre pour entrer en Corée du Nord. Il existe deux ponts sur le fleuve Yalu qui sépare les deux Etats. Celui qui est opérationnel possède deux étages (à gauche sur la photo), l’un pour le trafic ferroviaire, l’autre pour le trafic routier, principalement des camions. Celui qui s’arrête au milieu du fleuve (à droite de la photo) est un musée en plein air sur la guerre de Corée (1950-1953). Le pont, détruit par les Américains pendant le conflit, s’arrête là où passe la frontière car la Corée du Nord refuse de reconstruire sa partie.
Dandong, the largest border city in China, is the main point of land crossing to enter North Korea. There are two bridges over the Yalu River, which separates the two states. The bridge which is operating has two floors (on the left), one for rail traffic, the other for traffic, mostly trucks. The other one which stops in the middle of the river (on the right) is an open-air museum on the Korean War (1950-1953). The bridge was destroyed by the Americans during the conflict, and the border runs in the middle of the river. North Korea refuses to rebuild its part.
Ce tee-shirt en vente dans une boutique de souvenirs de Larnaca ne mentionne pas d’évènements après l’indépendance de l’île en 1960, et plus particulièrement le conflit entre les Grecs et les Turcs, qui, depuis 1974, divise toujours le pays.
This T-shirt on sale in a souvenir shop in Larnaca doesn’t mention any events after the independence of Cyprus in 1960, especially the conflict between Greeks and Turks, which still divides the country in two parts
Over the past two years, several clashes took place in the seas of China and Japan. Many coastal states seek to appropriate the wider maritime areas, not only to assert their power, but also for their economic development. The stakes are considerable: the largest ports in the world are found in the region (Shanghai, Tianjin, Hong Kong among Chinese ports), Singapore, Pusan, and those of the Japanese megalopolis. Economic activities such as transport of goods, fishing, the eventual discovery of hydrocarbons are directly related to maritime space consequently.
Japan, whose area is equivalent to the one of Italy, is the world’s largest 6th State if one takes into account its maritime space.
Current issues of maritime boundaries in Asia reactivate unsolved historical tensions, notably the resentment of Asian populations has for the massacres committed by Japan during World War II. China and Korea (North and South ) remember Japan has conquered their territory in whole or in part in the first half of the twentieth century. As for Japan, the goal is to demonstrate its power over China that went recently before him on the economic level.
See the interesting presentation of maritime issues in the region made by the American Congress (with some very good maps):
Picture: Drawings of kids on an area highway between Osaka and Tokyo.