Quitter l’Afrique par Ceuta ou Melilla/To leave Africa through Ceuta or Melilla

La pression migratoire exercée aux frontières de l’Union européenne est liée aux conflits au Moyen-Orient, mais surtout à la pauvreté et à l’oppression qui sévit dans une majorité de pays africains/ The migratory pressure on the borders of the European Union may be due to the conflicts in the Middle East, but the poverty and oppression that prevails in a majority of African countries also explains the current situation in Ceuta and Melilla.


MELILLA (Espagne). Dans cette exclave espagnole au nord du Maroc, la frontière est matérialisée par des grillages d’une hauteur de 8 mètres et un no-man’s-land/ In this Spanish exclave in northern Morocco, the border is materialized by a 8-meters fence and a no-man’s-land.


CEUTA (Espagne). Double rangée de barbelés sur le littoral à la frontière avec le Maroc/ Double row of barbed wire on the coastline at the border with Morocco.

Voir cet article du Monde du 1er janvier 2017 sur des incidents à la frontière:


Read also this article from Dan BILESKY published last Feb 17th in the New York Times:

Voir ou revoir ce reportage d’Envoyé Spécial diffusé en 2013:


Bosnia and Hercegovina:business, tourism and war.

Tourism has been back for several years in Bosnia and Hercegovina, mostly in Sarajevo and Mostar.

The two towns paid a very heavy cost in 1992 and 1995. They are still divided between the main city of Sarajevo and the ex-nihilo Serbian counterpart, Istocno Sarajevo. Mostar is also divided between Croats and Muslims.

Excursions offered from a travel agency in the center of Sarajevo include an “assassination tour” and a controversial picture of the entrance of the Memorial of Srebrenica with the number of people who were killed in July 1995 (8372 bodies discovered at the time of the erection of the monument) and the price from the agency (59 euros).



Souvenirs representing war weapons or machines made with bullets in a shop in Mostar.


A T-shirt for tourists in a souvenir shop where the bridge of Mostar (destroyed in November 1993 by the Croats) is targetted.



Conference about the Walls in Ljubljana (Slovenia) on May 24th at 4.15pm


The Faculty of Social Sciences in Ljubljana (Slovenia)

A conference about the walls is organized by the Faculty of Social Sciences (FDV) in Ljubljana on May 24th at 16.15.

For more informations: http://www.fdv.uni-lj.si/obvestila-in-informacije/dogodki-in-utrinki/napovednik-dogodkov/gostujo-e-predavanje-dr.-laurent-hassid—(re-)building-walls-in-the-world